Александр Киреев (kireev) wrote,
Александр Киреев


География паспортизации в США

Еще кое-что из блога Ильи Гернера (кстати, рекомендую его): процент населения США с действующими паспортами. Какая хорошая корреляция с уровнем образования и доходов! В США паспорта нужны только для заграничных поездок, то есть эта карта является отражением процента населения, которые недавно были за рубежом (раньше для поездок во многие страны, особенно самые посещаемые американцами Канада, Мексика, Карибские острова, Европа, паспорт был не нужен, но пару лет назад стал нужен для всех зарубежных поездок). Сейчас оценочно 30% граждан США имеют паспорта. Больше всего - в Нью-Джерси, меньше всего - в Миссисипи.

“Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness.” - Mark Twain<br /><br />Planning my vacation made me curious as to how many Americans have valid passports. It’s an interesting question, both for comparative purposes – 75% of UK residents and 60% of Canadians have passports – and because post 9/11, governments have demanded more documentation for international travel. I think of freedom to travel as a basic right, but with regulations tightening, what percentage of Americans are able to leave the country, if only for a brief vacation?<br /><br />Good data was surprisingly hard to find. A 2008 GAO report puts the number at 28%, but recent media reports have projected an increase to 30% or so.<br /><br />As with every social statistic applicable to the US there are geographic disparities. I couldn’t find exact figures for states, so I extrapolated zip code-based passport issuance data from the State Department to create a choropleth map of globetrotting & stay-at-home America.<br /><br />These are very rough calculations, better for comparison than exact figures. There aren’t many surprises. Alaska & Hawaii (not featured on the map because…it’s a long story) weighed in at 44% and 33% respectively, New Jersey was the only state approaching 50%, and West Virginia and Mississippi tied for last place at 13%. Full breakdown here.<br /><br />To be clear: I don’t think this is evidence of American insularity, ignorance or anything of the kind. Foreign vacations are expensive. Americans don’t have the luxury of a buying a rail ticket bound for any station from Lisbon to Vladivostok, so unless we live in driving distance to Canada (“Like America…but cleaner”) or Mexico, there’s the added flight expense. Nor do we have the kind of vacation time available to most Europeans. Plus, it’s a big and beautiful country; you can spend a lifetime on domestic travel.<br /><br />Still, for those with the financial means and flexible work schedules there are no good reasons to avoid seeing new things and find new ways of seeing. 


  • Post a new comment


    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    When you submit the form an invisible reCAPTCHA check will be performed.
    You must follow the Privacy Policy and Google Terms of use.